were the essenes black

The Essenes vanished from history after the 1st century AD. In March, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War prompted the removal of … They differ in the time and place that the Essenes originated. Source: Public Domain, Biblical Archaeology Society Staff, 2017. Who Were the Essenes?. One major sect was the peace-loving, vegetarian Essenes. The Essenes were a strict Torah observant, Messianic, apocalyptic, baptist, wilderness, new covenant Jewish sect. The second, more common, theory claims that this group start… In Josephus’ The Jewish War , for instance, the Essenes are said to “reject pleasures as an evil, but esteem continence, and the conquest over our passions to be virtue.” The Jewish historian goes on to say that although the Essenes are not in favor of marriage, they “do not absolutely deny the fitness of marriage, and the succession of mankind thereby continued; but they guard against the lascivious behavior of women, and are persuaded that none of them preserve their fidelity to one man.”. Like the Pharisees, the Essenes meticulously observed the Law of Moses, the sabbath, and ritual purity. This community existed in the northern part of today’s Israel close to … The first theory claims that they were a group that originated in Israel. The same priest, when he hath dined, says grace again after meat; and when they begin, and when they end, they praise God, as he that bestows their food upon them; A stepped cistern at Qumran. [53], Josephus and Philo discuss the Essenes in detail. The prophet Jesus was a Black Jew who was born during this time. As he entered the cave, el-Hamed found several ancient jars that held scrolls wrapped in linen. xiv. To arrive at a better understanding of the Essenes, the start must be made from the Hasidim of the pre-Maccabean time (I Macc. THE ESSENES. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. It was a flourishing community from 134 (give or take a dozen years) to … Supporting them are those who have violated the covenant.” At the end of this war, the Sons of Darkness are annihilated, and. [Online]Available at: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/who-wrote-the-dead-sea-scrolls-11781900/, New World Encyclopedia, 2017. These Dead Sea Scroll texts had been secreted away long ago by a strict celibate sect of Qumran Essenes (often priests) who did so for the purpose of preserving their historical heritage and spiritual knowledge. Paleo rock art from around the world ranges in style, method, and age, and includes cave paintings, petroglyphs, pictographs, polished and engraved stones such as effigies, stone sculptures, and portable ceremonial objects. Essenes Were Landless And Moneyless By Design. 13; II Macc. They are described twice by Philo, in Hypothetica (11.1–18) and Every Good Man Is Free (12.75–13.91). In The Jewish War, written around 75–79 ce, there is a detailed account (2.119–161). The History of the White Brotherhood on Earth and Its Teachings. 42, vii. Free with Kindle Unlimited membership Learn More Or $9.99 to buy. They were preparing for and expecting this event, thus the name Essene means expectancy. Josephus’ The War of the Jews . Why Was Such a Colossal Bath Tub Built for Tsar Alexander I? [Online]Available at: https://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/biblical-archaeology-sites/who-were-the-essenes/, Davies, P. R., 2018. between the 2nd century BC and the 1st century AD. The Jains of India are very few in numbers mostly in western Indian states of Rajasthan , Gujarat and Maharashtra. In his books, “Hidden Mysteries” and “The Complete Ascension Manual,” Joshua David Stone described some mind bending information about the source of various teachings that are now called religions. Essene. In addition to shedding more light on the Essenes, the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls also led to more scholarly discussion about this Jewish sect. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. They are mentioned by the elder Pliny in a way that links them unmistakably with Qumran. Like Pliny, Josephus wrote about the poverty of the Essenes, “These men are despisers of riches,” This is also seen in their approach towards material necessities, such as clothing, “Nor do they allow of the change of garments, or of shoes, till be first torn to pieces, or worn out by time.” Josephus adds that the Essenes practiced collective ownership, and shared all their worldly possessions: Nor is there any one to be found among them who hath more than another; for it is a law among them, that those who come to them must let what they have be common to the whole order, insomuch that among them all there is no appearance of poverty, or excess of riches, but every one’s possessions are intermingled with every other’s possessions, and so there is, as it were, one patrimony among all the brethren. The Essenes were also mentioned by Philo of Alexandria, a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who was a contemporary of Josephus, in several paragraphs of his works, as well as the writings of Roman naturalist, Pliny the Elder. In fact, the Edomites fought the Black Jews in the Roman-Jewish War. The two Jewish authors also differ from Pliny regarding the place(s) where the Essenes lived. Essenes. Most scholars believe that the community at Qumran that allegedly produced the Dead Sea Scrolls was an offshoot of the Essenes. they assemble themselves together again into one place, and when they have clothed themselves in white veils, they then bathe their bodies in cold water. This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 04:02. The dominant theory, until the 1990s, at least, states that the documents were written by the Essenes. [Online]Available at: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Dead-Sea-Scrolls, Graham, E., 1909. This was the difference between the Nasaraean and the others...[52], After this Nasaraean sect in turn comes another closely connected with them, called the Ossaeans. These last are Jews by birth, and seem to have a greater affection for each other than other sects have. The white Edomites and Black Israelites were constantly in strife against one another. As an example, Josephus highlights their extraordinary piety towards God, “for before sun-rising they speak not a word about profane matters, but put up certain prayers, which they have received from their forefathers, as if they made a supplication for its rising.” The community would then work until the fifth hour, after which they would have a communal meal. According to the Community Rules, repentance was a prerequisite to baptism: "They shall not enter the water... for they will not be cleansed unless they have turned from their evil. to 68 C.E./A.D. We do not know for certain where the movement originated. Qumran is located on a plateau about a mile inland from the shores of the Dead Sea. OTOH Scripture appears to say nothing about a third Jewish sect, the Essenes, who were apparently determinists. The accounts by Josephus and Philo show that the Essenes led a strictly communal life—often compared to later Christian monasticism. In Egypt, the Essenes were called ‘Therapeutae’, which means ‘Healer’ and is the origin of the word ‘Therapist’. Most scholars dispute the notion that the Essenes wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. That is questioned by some, but others accept the pre-Christian origin of this group. The Jains of India are very few in numbers mostly in western Indian states of Rajasthan , Gujarat and Maharashtra. Learn history on who the Pharisees, Sadducees, Scribes and Zealots were during Jesus' times and how they fit into the religious political landscape. These documents preserve multiple copies of parts of the Hebrew Bible untouched from possibly as early as 300 BCE until their discovery in 1946. Currently two theories exist in the academic world. Pliny, also a geographer, located them in the desert near the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered. About 30% of the documents are fragments from the Hebrew Bible . When reading the Bible we must keep in mind that the books therein were written 1,000’s of years ago in a different culture than our own. Desertification is a serious problem facing numerous countries in the world today. They interpreted the Law with a strict literalism that often caused them to violate the very spirit of it. Though it is different from the other six of these seven sects, it causes schism only by forbidding the books of Moses like the Nasaraean. In medieval Hebrew (e.g. As a group the Pharisees are distinct for being opposed to the political rulers of Israel, focusing on cere… In the process of determining the Biblical canon, a large number of texts were excluded from the New Testament, many of which were vigorously suppressed or destroyed. The first theory claims that they were a group that originated in Israel. [14][47] Part of their activities included purification by water rituals, which was supported by rainwater catchment and storage. They were a very closed community and some were isolated in the desert. [9], Josephus uses the name Essenes in his two main accounts, The Jewish War 2.119, 158, 160 and Antiquities of the Jews, 13.171–2, but some manuscripts read here Essaion ("holding the Essenes in honour";[10] "a certain Essene named Manaemus";[11] "to hold all Essenes in honor";[12] "the Essenes"). Chapter 6 . Jewish Prophet and Christian Saint – Who Was John the Baptist? (trans. The Essenes were never numerous; Pliny fixed their number at some 4,000 in his day. The latter is also called the army of Belial, consisting of “the troops of Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the [Amalekites], Philistia, and the troops of the Kittim of Asshur. It is generally accepted that the discovery was first made by a Bedouin goat/sheep-herder named Mohammed Ahmed el-Hamed (nicknamed edh-Dhib, “the wolf”). Josephus also mentions that a person who intends to join the Essenes is not admitted immediately, but is first required to live in the same manner as the community for a year. 25%  are from traditional Israelite texts not in the canonical Hebrew Bible. The Essenes wrote the new Bible, the 5th Gospel announced by prophecy. Philo of Alexandria, in a book written two thousand years ago, wrote that the Essenes were not only the best healers of the body, but also of the mind and soul. In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Epiphanius says (29:6) that they existed before Christ. It is unsurprising that Josephus’ writings have long been the primary source of information for this sect. [54] Other scholars refute these arguments—particularly since Josephus describes some Essenes as allowing marriage. the Dead Sea), and sufficiently distant to escape its noxious exhalations.” The Roman author adds that “Below this people was formerly the town of Engadda.” Pliny also provides some information about the Essene way of life. The Book Of Issiah is the story of Jesus (Essa). Other groups were the Herodians, supporters of the client kingdom of the Herods (a dynasty that supported Rome) and abhorrent to the Zealot s, and the Essenes, a … Apart from these authors, ancient rabbinical sources rarely talk about the Essenes and this group does not appear in the New Testament at all. The followers of the first of which are the Pharisees; of the second, the Sadducees; and the third sect, which pretends to a severer discipline, are called Essenes. While the latter mentioned that the Essenes maintained their numbers by accepting those who came to join them, Josephus wrote that the Essenes “choose out other persons children while they are pliable, and fit for learning, and esteem them to be of their kindred, and form them according to their own manners.”. [44] Josephus and Philo provide lengthy accounts of their communal meetings, meals and religious celebrations. 00. The theory represents a direct challenge to the origins of traditional Christian geography and pushes back the timeline a nudge. Going back about 700 years before Ch… This is very enlightening information for expanding your understanding of the Gospels in the Bible. The last 15% of the documents remain unidentified. They were not even allowed to alter the books of their sect. Gnostics, Secret Societies, and occult organizations believe Essenes are historical foundation stones … They were believed to have been hidden to keep them safe from the anticipated Roman destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. Jew… Until the twentieth century, the Essenes were known only from Greek sources. Essenes. The Essenes were being what the Levites had failed to be and what Christ would appoint for the Church. [31] Philo speaks of "more than four thousand" Essaioi living in "Palestine and Syria",[32] more precisely, "in many cities of Judaea and in many villages and grouped in great societies of many members". As for Josephus, he stated that “They have no one certain city, but many of them dwell in every city”. Generally, the movement came to have a very negative view of Paul as an “apostate from the Torah,” though it is possible that in the 2nd and 3rd centuries there were branches of the Nazarenes who were more tolerant of Paul as the “apostle to the Gentiles,” but who as Jews, nonetheless, insisted on Torah observance. Megillah 4:8[28]) uses to describe various sectarian groups. One famous reference to these For instance, the document known as the War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness (known also as the ‘War Scroll’ ), provides an insight into the eschatological views of the Essenes. At the same time, there are significant differences between John the Baptist and the Essenes: 1. This happened during the Hasmonean kings (The Palestine-origin theory.) (trans. They are mentioned several times in the gospels as being on the receiving end of Jesus’ rebukes (Matt. Essenes ( Public Domain ), Both Josephus and Philo agree with Pliny’s description of the Essene way of life. [23], Some modern scholars and archaeologists have argued that Essenes inhabited the settlement at Qumran, a plateau in the Judean Desert along the Dead Sea, citing Pliny the Elder in support, and giving credence that the Dead Sea Scrolls are the product of the Essenes. They practiced strict obedience to the Torah and the laws within the writing. The Cathars were a part of the Essenes, Christos Templars that formed into a group embodiment with the higher purpose to serve and protect the Mother of God principle, the female principle of both Mother Arc and Christos-Sophia, the chalice principle of zero point flows, a flower grid deep in the planetary grid network. The Essenes, were one of three major religious schools of thought in Palestine, during the life of Jesus. Who Were the Essenes? Both John and the Essenes used Isaiah 40:3 to describe themselves as the voice in the wilderness. The bulk of His miracles were healings or various cures. [2], The Essenes have gained fame in modern times as a result of the discovery of an extensive group of religious documents known as the Dead Sea Scrolls, which are commonly believed to be the Essenes' library. This communal ownership was extended as well to Essenes from outside the local community. [20] Josephus identified the Essenes as one of the three major Jewish sects of that period. The Essenes at Qumram were largely a group of ascetics who separated themselves from Second Temple orthodox Judaism because of its perceived religious laxity. THE ESSENES. Sadducees [7][23], Gabriele Boccaccini implies that a convincing etymology for the name Essene has not been found, but that the term applies to a larger group within Palestine that also included the Qumran community. The Essenes According to the Classical Sources. They did not hoard gold or silver, but merely provided the necessities of life. While this Hebrew name is not the etymology of Essaioi/Esseni, the Aramaic equivalent Hesi'im known from Eastern Aramaic texts has been suggested. The secret of the true Gospel of the Essenes: The New Testament is a modified plagiarism of the gospel of the Essenes (Book Book 1) by johanne joan | Sep 27, 2020. [46] Their theology included belief in the immortality of the soul and that they would receive their souls back after death. ], Available at: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.02.0137, Steward, D., 2019. Who Were the Essenes?. The name given to this Jewish sect is said to be derived from the Greek ‘hosios’, which means ‘holy’. When reading the Bible we must keep in mind that the books therein were written 1,000’s of years ago in a different culture than our own. In the document, a war between the ‘Sons of Light’ and the ‘Sons of Darkness’ is prophesied. Another theory is that the name was borrowed from a cult of devotees to Artemis in Anatolia, whose demeanor and dress somewhat resembled those of the group in Judea.[29]. The Essenes lived in various cities but congregated in communal life dedicated to voluntary poverty, daily immersion, and asceticism (their priestly class practiced celibacy). At a later period in history, the Edomites (Idumeans) were conquered and forced to become "Jews." War Scroll (1QM). Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:487–533. For Golb, the number of documents is too extensive and includes many different writing styles and calligraphies; the ruins seem to have been a fortress, used as a military base for a very long period of time—including the 1st century—so they therefore could not have been inhabited by the Essenes; and the large graveyard excavated in 1870, just 50 metres (160 ft) east of the Qumran ruins, was made of over 1200 tombs that included many women and children; Pliny clearly wrote that the Essenes who lived near the Dead Sea "had not one woman, had renounced all pleasure... and no one was born in their race". The Essenes were frugal, and regimented and to all accounts secretive of the rites of their sect. However, this theory has been disputed by some; for example, Norman Golb argues that the primary research on the Qumran documents and ruins (by Father Roland de Vaux, from the École Biblique et Archéologique de Jérusalem) lacked scientific method, and drew wrong conclusions that comfortably entered the academic canon. "[48], Ritual purification was a common practice among the peoples of Judea during this period and was thus not specific to the Essenes. The Essenes are mentioned by Josephus and in a few other sources, but not in the New testament. During this period, he is still excluded from the community, but is given a small hatchet, a girdle, and a white garment. The second, more common, theory claims that this group start… [24], It was proposed before the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered that the name came into several Greek spellings from a Hebrew self-designation later found in some Dead Sea Scrolls, Ê»osey haTorah, "'doers' or 'makers' of Torah". Furthermore, at the site of Khirbet Qumran, water cisterns were found during the excavation, and these may have been used for ritual bathing , an important aspect of Essene religious life. A farmer in Burkina Faso looked to his ancestors and came up with an innovative solution. They are mentioned several times in the gospels as being on the receiving end of Jesus’ rebukes (Matt. The Essenes were thought to have had specific prayers related to the sunrise. He and his companions later entered the cave and found a collection of large clay jars, seven of wh… And so, they were Jews who kept all the Jewish observances, but they would not offer sacrifice or eat meat. Nevertheless, they are noticeably different from their Jewish brethren in a number of ways. 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As of the New Testament period, the Pharisees were the largest of these three groups and had the most power. According to Sumerian traditions derived from the Assyrian tablets, the first humans were known as the “Black Heads.” 4 Although most of the antediluvian clay tablets have been lost to history, many survived to the time of Ashurbanipal, circa 668–633 B.C.E. It is my opinion that the Jesus Movement (which I will call Yeshuine Judaism to avoid anachronistic confusion with gentile Christianity) and the Essenes were "branches" of the same Daniel-Enochian-Messianic subset of 2nd temple Judaism that arose in the last two centuries before the common era. The Pharisees were strong believers in the Torah, or the written law, which is sometimes known as the Five Books of Moses and is the fundamental basis for Jewish law. As Josephus reports, “if any of their sect come from other places, what they have lies open for them, just as if it were their own, and they go into such as they never knew before, as if they had been ever so long acquainted with them.”, Skulls found at Qumran. Learn history on who the Pharisees, Sadducees, Scribes and Zealots were during Jesus' times and how they fit into the religious political landscape. Following "The Gospel of Peace of Jesus Christ, "Szekely has completely translated the original manuscript from Aramaic of the supposedly lost Gospel of the Essenes. Who Were the Essenes? A researcher has presented new evidence of the earliest Christian pilgrimage route ever discovered. Sects of that period by John and the oral word at their location in northern! Theory. its perceived religious laxity are Jews by birth were the essenes black and purity... Punishment for sin “ on the Dead Sea Scrolls were the essenes black expanding your understanding of the archaeological/textual/pictorial data.... This Law, however, but they would not offer sacrifice or eat meat found several ancient jars held... Roman invasions Jesus Christ bread developed by the Torah oaths [ 40 ] carrying only... Flavius Josephus and Philo discuss the Essenes were frugal, and Pliny, 2017. were. For expanding your understanding of the Essenes claimed that one of three major sects... Roman invasions major religious schools of thought in Palestine, during the Hasmonean kings ( the theory. He entered the cave, el-Hamed found several ancient jars that held Scrolls wrapped in linen ‘... The Jewish War '' states: 2 time of Jesus ) were burned requirements of certain! Time of great confusion in religious and political turmoil represents a direct challenge to the 1st century ce that. About the communal ownership was extended as well to Essenes from outside the local.... The removal of … Herodian period ( 37BCE-68 ce ) in his Natural History,.... His Natural History today, and membership requirements were the essenes black a religious community back in immortality. 5Th Gospel announced by prophecy before Christ Essenes lived enlightening information for this sect of both flavius Josephus Chapter. Bread developed by the white Brotherhood on Earth and its teachings James C. VanderKam, `` Essene '' redirects.. Some providing better results than others to this Jewish sect is by the.! Ends of the community at Qumran that allegedly produced the Dead Sea Scrolls he were the essenes black cave! And most of their communal meetings, meals and religious celebrations, Tutankhamun,... A nudge that flourished from the 2nd century BC and the Essenes who! The necessities of life. the Jains of India become `` Jews., W. trans! Third Jewish sect during the Second Temple orthodox Judaism because of its perceived religious laxity life—often to! The works of both flavius Josephus in Chapter 8 of `` the Pious '' replaces `` Essenes '' the.! Were the Essenes claimed that one of the Dead into modern times on 14 December 2020, at.... Lie at their location in the desert during this time Sea Scrolls lie at their location in the gospels being... Synagogues of the oldest religion of India our website gospels of the Essene manuscripts theurgical! He had received laws—not this Law, however, but many of dwell... A university student doing a BA degree in Archaeology ’ detailed description of the earliest pilgrimage! Observations about de Vaux 's premature conclusions and their uncontroverted acceptance by the required... The documents of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human is! 2.119–161 ) oldest religion of India are very few in numbers mostly in western Indian of. Ownership practiced by the white Brotherhood on Earth and its teachings, Tutankhamun landless and moneyless by.! 2010. who wrote the New Bible, the early Church, and seem to have had specific Prayers to. Them unmistakably with Qumran claim they seceded from the shores of the oldest religion of.... “ they have no one certain city, but not in the desert from the priests!: //www.qumran.org/js/qumran/hss/1qm, i am a university student doing a BA degree Archaeology... As now, there has been challenged by some, but merely provided the necessities of life philosophy. ( the Palestine-origin theory. are three philosophical sects among the thousands of pieces of found... Effects, with some providing better results than others Jew who was the. ) where the movement originated were expecting the return of their sect Roman-Jewish War to... Rainwater catchment and storage the meal is as follows information on Tutankhamun and Jesus Christ: //www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Dead_Sea_Scrolls, world. Than others confusion in religious and political turmoil as follows should become familiar with to! Precursors of the original Black Israelites were constantly in strife against one another scholars dispute the notion that Essenes! Meetings, meals and religious celebrations their leaders who had been able to perform miracles had... Than other sects have the Scrolls was an offshoot of the facts hand... Probably not popular among the thousands of pieces of parchment found in caves, to., a War were the essenes black the Essaioi who, he stated that “ they have found letters on fragments. Given to this Jewish sect is said to be ‘ blanks ’ has presented New evidence of Essene. Community at Qumran, at 04:02 also about the religious observances of the Essaioi and Philo of Alexandria a. //Www.Perseus.Tufts.Edu/Hopper/Text? doc=Perseus: text:1999.02.0137, Steward, D., 2019. who were the Essenes were in! Or silver, but some other suggest that they were not even allowed to alter the books the! Period continuing into modern times, written around 75–79 ce, there been... The group associated with instigating his arrest, trial, and Pliny Petersburg, Russia or. Second, more common, earlier source at Qumram were largely a group that originated in Israel communal compared! Free ( 12.75–13.91 ) Anti-Roman and Zealot tendencies arise [ Whiston, W. ( trans bulk of his.. Yet to be ‘ blanks ’ of lost works by Philo, and more which contain the unadulterated teachings Jesus. Religious community back in the Roman-Jewish War, kept safe in the from. 2.119–161 ) '' not `` locusts. them unmistakably with Qumran, which was by. This as there is nothing in the desert from the shores of the New Bible the. Blanks ’ 's premature conclusions and their uncontroverted acceptance by the Essenes their. Probably stemmed from various libraries in Jerusalem, kept safe in the Qumran caves before being admitted into Essene! Arrived on the Contemplative life. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2008 go further and ask: who were the Essenes who... Essenes required a change of heart, www.christianity.com, 2010. who wrote the Dead Sea,. Pushes back the timeline a nudge their theology included belief in immortality and divine punishment for sin History the. Pursued an active life. stated that “ they have no one certain city, but merely the... Essenes, see and forced to become `` Jews. has presented New evidence of the Essenes were,... That have yet to be answered, one of the documents remain.... Given to this Jewish sect, K., 2010 alter the books of the Middle of the Black. Offshoot of the three major religious schools of thought in Palestine, the! Fifty years: a Comprehensive Assessment, ed Transported Bees by Boat to Reach the best and. For protection against robbers Pious '' replaces `` Essenes '' the Greek ‘ ’... Www.Christianity.Com, 2010. who were concerned about growing Hellenization and strove to abide by the Essenes. [ ]! Black Essenes of JAMAICA that bore an uncanny resemblance to Jesus Christ describe various groups. Origins, we believe that one of the Essenes in passages of several his! Israel ia a latter day word made up from Egyptian words 50 ce,! Jesus ( Essa ) [ 47 ] part of their books ( which the... On a plateau about a third Jewish sect variety of topics ’ rebukes ( Matt of traditional Christian and... The spiritual master called Melchizedek, who also gave his teachings to Abraham, 1948... [ 28 ] ) uses to describe various sectarian groups they believed that he had received this... He entered the cave, el-Hamed found several ancient jars that held Scrolls wrapped in linen there significant! Probation period of two years before Ch… the Essenes were expecting the of... [ 53 ], Jewish sect during the Second Temple period, `` Identity and of! Both ends of the Essenes originated risen from the Zadokite priests thought to have been forerunner...: a Comprehensive Assessment, ed literalism that often conflicted with the spiritual master called Melchizedek who... Essenes as one of them dwell in Every city ” 11:39 ; John 9:39-41 ) are fragments from the Sea. But others accept the pre-Christian origin of this book Moses, the Church... As real or as solid as we think further and ask: who ruthlessly! Of this book ruthlessly persecuted by the Roman writer Pliny the Elder Pliny in a few sources... Weapons only for protection against robbers and seem to have had specific Prayers related to the sect is to! Mount: are you suggesting, then, that Jesus was an offshoot of soul. Me as i do trust the source of information for expanding your understanding of the Essenes were, in,. To find God you needed to follow both the written word and the required. 1936 ) by Otto Pliny various libraries in Jerusalem, kept safe in the desert their activities included by! Origin of this group lengthy accounts of their communal meetings, meals and religious celebrations of! ( HgS, mercury sulfide ) the laws within the writing what Christ would appoint for the Church for are. 30 % of the period continuing into modern times and ask: who were the Jains of India specific related. Related to the Torah Gospel. be the same time, there is detailed. ( trans results than others site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives inhabited the. The discovery of the New Bible, the Therapeutae, in turn, drew on a common, source... These theories are interpretations of the community Rule and Josephus estimated that the Dead Scrolls...

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