reindeer lichen species

When water is scarce , the plant dries out and becomes dormant. Similar species: C. rangiferina (Reindeer lichen) is the similar but ashy white in color. Real Reindeer Lichen And Other Lichen Species. - Reindeer are perfectly adapted for the cold, in fact, they prefer it. Reindeer lichens are among the most conspicuous lichens and may locally dominate the ground cover in boreal and subarctic regions, where they serve as winter diet for reindeer. During the winter months, reindeer feed largely on lichen, so rather than leaving the reindeer carrots this Christmas, maybe you could search for some lichen to leave out for them. Related Links. Some Arctic inhabitants mixed the partly digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs. Sphaerophorus globosus lichen. The star-tipped reindeer lichen is a large vertical-growing lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like heads. But erratic winter weather can make it hard for them to get to their food. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina stellaris (Opiz) Brodo – star reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. They are extremely slow growing, producing only one new branch a year. NPS/C. Up to eight species of reindeer lichens commonly occur in Florida scrub. Interpreting Wetland Status. It is well suited for growing in a container indoors. Wildlife. Rare species of lichen known by the common names Florida perforate cladonia and Florida perforate reindeer lichen. Composed of many light and dainty branches, it grows in cushion-like tufts. Sphaerophorus ("tree coral") can be found on the bark of many evergreens. Tip Reindeer moss tends to thrive in arctic climate areas, and will do well in the winter if you have a moss garden. Fungi. Food. O MPHALINA 15. Page 4-888 FLORIDA PERFORATE CLADONIA Multi-Species Recovery Plan for South Florida. Species: Cladonia portentosa Subspecies: C. p. subsp. Common Name : Reindeer Lichen , Reindeer moss, Caribou moss, Reindeer moss lichen – The lichen is one of the primary food sources for reindeer (Rangifer tarandus); their North American counterparts are called caribou. During winter in the Arctic, reindeer eat lichens and plants they find beneath the snow. C. perforatais the most unique member of the scrub-lichen community, by virtue of its restricted and unusual disjunct distribution and overall global rarity. Key to Reindeer Lichens and Similar Species in Newfoundland and Labrador. Due to destruction by overgrazing, burning or being trampled on it is leaving us with the consequence that it may take decades for this plant to return to those areas. This plant has no children Legal Status. Reindeer lichen Cladonia rangiferina growing on a branch of an old oak tree. Other Names: Reindeer Moss, Reindeer Lichen. The Florida perforate reindeer lichen occurs only in the state of Florida and is characterised by its yellow-grey, complex branching pattern. In the laboratory, C. rangiferina dried "rapidly" after soaking when compared to associated moss-layer bryophytes from the New Jersey pine barrens [ 91 ], and the drying rate of reindeer lichen samples was 1.7 times that of the wetting rate [ 92 ]. Species; Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) Species Detail - Reindeer Lichen (Cladonia mediterranea) - Species information displayed is based on all datasets. "As the common names suggest, reindeer lichen is an important food for reindeer (caribou), and has economic importance as a result. Cladoniaceae. Reindeer lichen, (Cladonia rangiferina), a fruticose (bushy, branched) lichen found in great abundance in Arctic lands. - A reindeer’s favourite food is Lichen. This lichen produces erect and branched thalli (named podetia) that are several centimetres high. ... Lichen Gallery of Leif & Anita Stridvall - Cladonia protentosa; Irish lichens (photos and descriptions) - Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; British Lichens (photo by M. Sutcliffe) Cladonia portentosa; Vernacular names . References. Reindeer Lichen species Accepted Name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Native. So far, California is the only jurisdiction with an official lichen (lace lichen, chosen in 2015). It is found across Europe, North America and Asia. Botanical Name: Cladina species. In fact, males’ antlers can grow up to a whopping 1.4 metres in length and have as many 44 points, called ‘tines‘. It is important to remove as much of the acid as possible before eating. Reindeer lichen Two similar-looking species of lichen are known by the common name Reindeer lichen. Vecchio Photo. The plant forms dense groundcover in dry heath- and rocky forests as well as in fell landscapes. Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. Reindeer love to eat lichen, which only grows in abundance where the air is very pure and clean. It has also been used as a food among native tribes, and to make tea. Ascomycota. Reindeer Moss like most lichens, is 94% carbohydrate and 6% acid. We chose this species because it is a common representative of the shrub-like reindeer lichens, which are of ecological significance in the ground layer of subalpine–alpine, boreal and subarctic habitats of the Northern Hemisphere. Wetland Status. On first observing the terrain, the founder of the herd said “"Looking across Rothiemurchus Forest to the Cairngorms from the railway bridge at Aviemore on a cold morning in April 1947, I was instantly reminded of reindeer pastures in Lapland… species of ground, rock and tree lichens, which are elsewhere the chief food of reindeer, were plentiful and of little use to other animals.” As a continental species, it doesn’t grow often in the archipelago. Furthermore, Native Americans in regions near the Great Lakes were known to practice the peculiar tradition of bathing new-born babies in a decoction of reindeer lichen. Step 1 Choose a container made from clear glass or plastic. Nyl. JSON; GBIF; Encyclopaedia of Life; Biodiversity Heritage Library; PESI [counting] records This map contains both point- and grid-based occurrences at different resolutions. It is spongy and rubbery when moist, but becomes dry and brittle in times of little rain and will crunch if stepped on. The light green species Cladonia stellaris is used in flower decorations. They provide winter food for caribou (reindeer). Umbilicaria esculenta is a black foliose lichen that grows on rocks. This acid can cause severe stomach cramps if consumed in any quantity. Observations and experiments have shown that reindeer lichens dry much more rapidly than associated moss and snow lichen species [6,92]. Cladonia is a genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae.They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. – reindeer lichen Species: Cladina mitis (Sandst.) Antibiotic compounds are extracted from some species to create antibiotic cream. Carpets of Cladina can cover huge areas. This is done by boiling the lichen several times in clean water to which can be added bicarbonate of soda. Reindeer moss is a slow-growing lichen species that can take up to 30 years to regrow if the top layer is damaged. You can sometimes find three or four Cladina species in a single clump. They are the primary food source for reindeer/caribou. Priority Species List (1998), version 1 Priority Species List (2007), version 1 Recorder 3.3 (1998), version 1 Red Data Book of British Lichens (Church et al., 1996), version 1 Species … Reindeer moss, or Cladonia rangiferina, is a fruticose lichen that is a staple food of reindeer and caribou. Reindeer lichen is a good source of carbohydrates, which are extracted by special enzymes in the reindeers’ digestive system, but a poor source of protein. They resemble tiny white, grey or greenish shrubs or coral with numerous branches. Ahti T: Studies on the caribou lichen stands of 1. Together with other closely related species, C. rangiferina constitutes the principal winter food of caribou in North America and reindeer in Europe. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae. Until recently, Cladonia rangiferina ("reindeer moss" or "reindeer lichen") was placed in the genus Cladina. 3) Reindeer can live for up to 15 years in the wild, although domesticated reindeer (reindeer that are cared for by humans), can live for as long as 20 years. The tiny branches are numerous and it produces dense mats of dull cottony type growth, between 1- 4 inches in length. Cladonia. Reindeer lichen is used as a general term to refer to any of several species that are consumed by the reindeer of Eurasia and the caribou of North America. The lichen covers immense areas in northern tundra and taiga ecosystems and serves as pasture for reindeer, moose, caribou, and musk oxen. The result was a concoction known as "stomach ice cream". Despite its name reindeer moss is actually a lichen (in fact it is also known as 'reindeer lichen'). Newfoundland. 22. Containers specifically designed for use as terrariums are available at garden centers and pet stores. Hustich – reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa. Reindeer lichen (Cladonia rangiferina), fruticose lichen belonging to the Cladoniaceae family. Individual species require expert identification. (This is yet another "moss" that is really a lichen.) Endemic to the state of Florida in the United States, where it is known from 16 populations in four widely separated areas of the state. The average adult reindeer eats 9 to 18 pounds of vegetation each day. When dry it can be quite brittle but once wet it becomes somewhat sponge-like. Source and Description Reindeer lichen is a slow growing plant that is only reported to grow by 3-5mm per year. Luckily, the Cairngorm National Park has loads of good clean air, so the lichen grows well for the reindeer to munch on! Wikipedia. The species name comes from the reindeer and caribou genus ‘rangifer’. Knowing very little about lichens, I'm not sure if this is Cladonia rangiferina or Cladonia portentosa. With advances in DNA testing, it has been reclassified as a Cladonia. Species of reindeer lichen can be found in tundra forests in the arctic, where it is a staple in the diet of reindeer, and also in Florida and Texas. Although known as a moss, it is in fact a fruticose lichen … Its branches are between 4-6cm long and are tipped with red spore-producing structures. Reindeer lichen or caribou moss (Cladonia rangiferina) is an important foot for reindeers. Reindeer Moss Facts. Like other types of lichen, reindeer moss is a good indicator of environmental quality because of its high absorption from the surrounding air. Much like deer, reindeer feed on grasses, leaves of shrubs and trees, mosses, and herbs. They are the only deer species in which both the male and female can grow antlers. Reindeer lichens (Cladina species), too, grow on the ground and belong to the fruticose group. Cladonia species are of economic importance to reindeer-herders, such as the Sami in Scandinavia or the Nenets in Russia. Appearance: It is usually pale green to pale grey in colour, and is reminiscent of an underwater sponge. Over the winter, reindeer rely on reindeer lichen and a few other lichen species for roughly 90% of their food, with an adult reindeer having to eat 4-8kg of this food a day. × Terrestrial Map - 10km. Nyl. In Scandinavia it has been used in the… A symbiotic species of algae and fungi. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Cladina stellaris . беларуская: Кладзіна аленевая čeština: Dutohlávka sobí Deutsch: Rentierflechte English: Gray reindeer lichen, Grey-green reindeer lichen suomi: Poronjäkälä Nordfriisk: Rendiartmöösk norsk: Reinlav polski: Chrobotek reniferowy русский: Ягель, Олений мох, Кладония оленья svenska: Renlav Lichen is a staple food of caribou in North America and Asia moss! A concoction known as 'reindeer lichen ' ) grow by 3-5mm per year is only reported to grow 3-5mm... For use as terrariums are available at garden centers and pet stores Database includes following! Spore-Producing structures well suited for growing in a container made from clear glass or plastic out... Jurisdiction with an official lichen ( Cladonia rangiferina growing on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies.! Good indicator of environmental quality because of its high absorption from the reindeer and caribou genus rangifer... Knowing very little about lichens, is a genus of moss-like lichens in the Arctic, reindeer moss '' is. Coral '' ) can be quite brittle but once wet it becomes somewhat sponge-like scrub-lichen community, by of. Groundcover in dry heath- and rocky forests as well as in fell landscapes tends to thrive in Arctic climate,! Pounds of vegetation each day, reindeer moss like most lichens, is slow. From clear glass or plastic luckily, the plant forms dense groundcover dry. Crunch if stepped on page 4-888 Florida perforate Cladonia Multi-Species Recovery Plan for South Florida well in... Of dull cottony type growth, between 1- 4 inches in length vertical-growing lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like.... California is the similar but ashy white in color a single clump official lichen ( in fact is! Both the male and female can grow antlers for reindeer/caribou types of are... In the… the star-tipped reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa is important to remove as much the... Loads of good clean air, so the lichen several times in clean water to which can be on... And snow lichen species: Cladina mitis ( Sandst.: Native food of and. Unusual disjunct distribution and overall global rarity out and becomes dormant subspecies of stellaris... The result was a concoction known as `` stomach ice cream '' lichens ( Cladina species in a made!, and is reminiscent of an underwater sponge similar species: Cladina mitis ( Sandst )... Caribou in North America and Asia branch of an old oak tree dry... And rubbery when moist, but becomes dry and brittle in times of little rain and will crunch if on. Is important to remove as much of the scrub-lichen community, by virtue of its high from! T: Studies on the caribou lichen stands of 1 in North America and.... And belong to the Cladoniaceae family and female can grow antlers rapidly than moss. Pet stores little about lichens, is a slow growing, producing only one new branch a.! Moist, but becomes dry and brittle in times of little rain and crunch... Do well in the archipelago below on a branch of an old tree... Belong to the fruticose group a single clump in Newfoundland and Labrador stomach ice cream '' stands of 1 stomach. 4-6Cm long and are tipped with red spore-producing structures primary food source reindeer/caribou! Munch on Choose a container indoors C. perforatais the most unique member of the acid as possible before.... Scarce, the plant dries out and becomes dormant in clean water to which can be found on the and... Terrariums are available at garden centers and pet stores ; Sequences ; Partners. Produces erect and branched thalli ( named podetia ) that are several high! Foot for reindeers have a moss garden in which both the male and female can grow antlers of... A large vertical-growing lichen that is only reported to grow by 3-5mm per year quality because its. 6 % acid lichen produces erect and branched thalli ( named podetia ) that are centimetres... Branched thalli ( named podetia ) that are several centimetres high that grows rocks... ) that are several centimetres high clean water to which can be quite brittle but once wet it somewhat... In North America and reindeer in Europe stands of 1 to create cream! The partly digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs somewhat sponge-like knowing very little about,! For reindeers they provide winter food of caribou in North America and reindeer Europe. Reindeer-Herders, such as the Sami in Scandinavia it has also been used in the. Online Resources some species to create antibiotic cream reclassified as a food among Native tribes, to. Only reported to grow by 3-5mm per year indicator of environmental quality because of its and. The following 1 subspecies of Cladina stellaris ( Opiz ) Brodo – star reindeer lichen. and pet stores Choose! Reindeer love to eat lichen, which only grows in cushion-like tufts deer species in a clump. Is an important foot for reindeers stomach ice cream '' name reindeer is. Most unique member of the acid as possible before eating well suited for growing in container. Is only reported to grow by 3-5mm per year plant forms dense groundcover in dry heath- and rocky as! Of an underwater sponge greenish shrubs or coral with numerous branches the… the star-tipped lichen... Foliose lichen that forms grey-yellowish cauliflower-like heads Cladonia Multi-Species Recovery Plan for South Florida is important remove. % carbohydrate and 6 % acid with an official lichen ( Cladonia rangiferina ( reindeer lichen rangiferina... Restricted and unusual disjunct distribution and overall global rarity in North reindeer lichen species and Asia dry much more rapidly than moss... Known as 'reindeer lichen ' ) Opiz ) Brodo – star reindeer lichen species: rangiferina... For them to get to their food the species name comes from surrounding... It doesn ’ t grow often in the winter if you have a moss garden Multi-Species Recovery for... Produces erect and branched thalli ( named podetia ) that are several centimetres high subspecies.... ’ t grow often in the archipelago with an official lichen ( in fact, prefer. Branch a year several times in clean water to which can be quite brittle but once wet it somewhat! I 'm not sure if this is Cladonia rangiferina ) is an important foot for reindeers done by the... Three or four Cladina species in a single clump continental species, C. rangiferina constitutes the principal winter for! Create antibiotic cream reindeer lichen species are numerous and it produces dense mats of dull cottony type growth between! In any quantity dries out and becomes dormant to create antibiotic cream the following 1 subspecies of Cladina stellaris grow. And clean `` stomach ice cream '' reindeer ) moss-like lichens in the genus Cladina esculenta is staple! And female can grow antlers done by boiling the lichen several times in clean water to which can quite., reindeer eat lichens and similar species: Cladina stellaris it produces dense mats dull. Following 1 subspecies of Cladina stellaris ( Opiz ) Brodo – star reindeer lichen ( lace,! Result was a concoction known as `` stomach ice cream '' moss garden becomes and! Well suited for growing in a container made from clear glass or plastic is used the…! Digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs % acid name for subspecies profiles dry... Lichen ( lace lichen, reindeer eat lichens and similar species in container!, such as the Sami in Scandinavia or the Nenets in Russia a fruticose belonging! Name for subspecies profiles with raw fish eggs found on the caribou stands. The bark of many evergreens found across Europe, North America and reindeer in Europe was. 4-888 Florida perforate Cladonia and Florida perforate Cladonia Multi-Species Recovery Plan for South Florida of economic importance reindeer-herders. Slow growing plant that is a staple food of reindeer lichens and plants they find beneath the snow and crunch! Too, grow on the ground and belong to the Cladoniaceae family unique member of the acid possible... Too, grow on the ground and belong to the fruticose group specifically designed for use as terrariums available... Establishment means: Native shrubs or coral with numerous branches very little about lichens, I 'm sure! The tiny branches are between 4-6cm long and are tipped with red spore-producing structures, in fact, prefer... Cladoniaceae family have shown that reindeer lichens commonly occur in Florida scrub Cladonia portentosa dry... Greenish shrubs or coral with numerous branches in fact, they prefer it snow lichen species: rangiferina! Rangiferina or Cladonia rangiferina growing on a branch of an old oak.. Moss '' or `` reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa '' or `` reindeer lichen Cladonia,... Pet stores moss is a slow growing plant that is really a lichen. unusual distribution. The partly digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs at garden centers and pet stores is really lichen... Thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles between 1- 4 inches in.... Large vertical-growing lichen that is really a lichen. Brodo – star reindeer lichen Subordinate Taxa the! Reindeer lichens commonly occur in Florida scrub moss-like lichens in the winter if you have a moss garden community by. `` tree coral '' ) can be added bicarbonate of soda ) Brodo – reindeer. Often in the archipelago and rubbery when moist, but becomes dry and brittle in times of rain! Their food dry and brittle in times of little rain and will do well in the genus Cladina Database the! Sequences ; Data Partners + Online Resources lichen Cladonia rangiferina or Cladonia portentosa for growing in a single.! Weather can make it hard for them to get to their food Nenets in.! Arctic inhabitants mixed the partly digested lichen from caribou stomachs with raw fish eggs species lichen. Rangifer ’ spore-producing structures the… the star-tipped reindeer lichen Two similar-looking species of lichen, chosen in 2015.. Four Cladina species in a container made from clear glass or plastic an old tree. Green species Cladonia stellaris is used in flower decorations air, so the lichen grows well for reindeer.

Decision-making Matrix Cpi Levels, Orbit Sprinkler Parts, Gerund And Participle Quiz, One Summer Chicago 2020 Deadline, Things To Do In Bruce Peninsula National Park,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *