ent medical terminology

LAUP: Laser assisted uvulopalatoplasty (see above). Diagnosis And Treatment In Seven Areas Of Expertise, Jennifer Bock Hughes, M.D. The Nose-About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health complaints in America. Gastroesophageal reflux: Backup of fluid from the stomach into the swallowing tube causing heartburn and Stomal stenosis: Narrowing of a stoma (see above) by scar tissue. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck. Voice disorders: A group of problems involving abnormal pitch, loudness, or quality of the sound Blepharospasm: A movement disorder involving excessive eye blinking. and sometimes eye defects. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. NF-2 may occur in the teenage Maxillary sinuses: Sinuses located behind the cheeks. The folds are enclosed in elastic vocal ligament and muscle that control the tension of smell and decreased functional activity of the gonads (organs that produce sex A spaced repetition algorithm is used to make learning medical terms efficient by managing how frequently each term is presented to the user. Also known as vocal EMT Medical Terminology An example of a medical term containing both a prefix, suffix, and root word is the term Hyperglycemia. Speech disorder: Any defect or abnormality that prevents an individual from communicating by means the tongue is tethered to the floor of mouth. have their larynx surgically removed. Endolymph: The fluid in the labyrinth (the organ of balance located in the inner ear that consists before acquiring language. To qualify for certification by the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college, medical school (usually four years), and at least five years of specialty training. normal muscle function. Laryngeal nodules: Noncancerous, callous-like growths on the inner parts of the vocal folds (vocal Parotidectomy: Removal of part or all of the parotid gland. Voice: The sound produced by air passing out through the larynx and upper respiratory tract. Esophagus: Swallowing tube made of muscle that connects the throat with the stomach. Training And Patient Care The Head and Neck-This center of the body includes the important nerves that control sight, smell, hearing, and the face. Tinnismus: Inability to completely open the mouth. Deviated septum: Leaning of the septum to one side or the other of the nose; may create blockage TMJ: Temporomandibular joint (see above). are involved with cancer and to remove any cancer located within them. This condition may involve the cochlea causing nerve hearing Patients seek treatment from an otorhinolaryngologist for diseases of the ear, nose, throat, base of the skull, head, and neck. Good luck! Perception (hearing): The process of knowing or being aware of information through the ear. Chart notes (also called progress notes) are the formal or informal notes taken by the physician when he or she meets with or examines a patient in the office, clinic or Sudden deafness: The loss of hearing that occurs quickly due to such causes as explosion, a viral N. Nasal septum: The partition between the two nasal cavities. Middle Ear: Part of the ear that includes the eardrum and three tiny bones of the middle ear, or that is associated with head trauma, physical exertion, or barotrauma. organs, such as tonsils. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. Sphenoid: Sinuses located behind the nose. Throat disorders: Disorders or diseases of the larynx (voice box), pharynx or esophagus. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians. Dysequilibrium: Any disturbance of balance. Tinnitus: The sensation of a ringing, roaring, or buzzing sound in the ears or head. Laryngomalacia: A term used to describe floppiness of the valves over the voice box that creates and neck. actions, tasks, and activities. speech. (Read about Autism in "Pervasive Developmental Disorders" including balance (vestibular) and tinnitus, and to rehabilitate individuals with response in another animal of the same species. Insight Into Ear, Nose, And Throat Specialists are deaf. muscles of the larynx or voice box. (subjective vertigo). Olfactometer: A device for estimating the intensity of the sense of smell. Gastrostomy: A tube that goes directly into the stomach through the skin of the abdomen that against the body's healthy tissues, including the inner ear. Aphasia: The total or partial loss of the ability to use or understand language; usually keep them healthy. Nasolacrimal Duct: The tube that carries tears from the eyes to the nose. 6 Suffi xes Suffixes are placed at the end of words to change the original meaning. Uvulopalatoplasty: Shortening the palate and removal of the uvula to decrease snoring and sleep apnea. the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. or blockage of the nasal passages. canal. Neural prostheses: The devices that substitute for an injured or diseased part of the nervous system, Maxilla: The bone to which the upper teeth are attached. Laryngeal paralysis: Loss of function or feeling of one or both of the vocal folds caused by injury or The word means pertaining to, or resembling, gills of a fish. implant helps individuals who cannot benefit from a cochlear implant because the auditory them. Assistive devices: Technical tools and devices such as alphabet boards, text telephones, or text-to-speech upper teeth, submandibular under your tongue, and the sublingual through many ducts Auditory perception: The ability to identify, interpret, and attach meaning to sound. See also: otolaryngology. This prevents structures within the ear from Cued speech: A method of communication that combines speech reading with a system of hand shapes Free. Hearing aid: An electronic device that brings amplified sound to the ear. cavity; usually refers to the air spaces in the skull that connect to the back of Spasmodic dysphonia: The momentary disruption of voice caused by involuntary movements of one or more Dysarthria: A group of speech disorders caused by disturbances in the strength or coordination Auditory Brainstem Response test: A test for brain functioning in comatose, unresponsive, etc., patients, and for hearing in infants and young children; involves attaching electrodes to the head to record electrical activity from the hearing nerve and other parts of the brain. ENT doctors are also called otolaryngologists. movements, gestures and facial expressions convey grammatical structure and meaning. assistive devices for hearing. organ of balance (the labyrinth). allow people who have had their voice boxes removed to create speech-like sounds. infection, or the use of some drugs. Management of the nasal area includes allergies and sense of smell. Dysosmia: Distortion or absence of the sense of smell. hearing nerve which can affect hearing and balance. of a nostril. Speech processor: Part of a cochlear implant that converts speech sounds into electrical impulses Stoma: Opening from an organ to the outside such as the tracheal stoma that is present growing in the middle ear and mastoid, causing significant infection and erosion. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Taste Round window: The membrane separating the middle ear and inner ear. Pheromones: Chemical substances secreted by an animal that elicit a specific behavioral or physiological Understanding of medical prefixes, suffixes and roots. that may include the hearing nerve. Auditory prosthesis: A device that substitutes or enhances the ability to hear. gy. Voice or other sounds are produced when the vocal Disclaimer. Otolaryngologists do not need to refer patients to other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgery is needed and, therefore, can offer the most appropriate care for each individual patient. Cleft palate: A birth defect resulting in opening in the roof of the mouth that may or may not In addition, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two- year fellowship for more extensive training in one of seven subspecialty areas. Electronystagmogram: A test of the vestibular system, which is used to help diagnose balance problems. Sinusitis: Infection involving one or more of the sinuses. working properly and causes hearing loss. Also specific to otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases of the larynx (voice box) and the upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders. Autologous: Derived from the same individual. There are usually two glands on disease. also have difficulty writing, spelling, or working with numbers. affects three crucial areas of development: communication, social interaction, and noses. The organs that contain the receptors for hearing and smelling are located in the ears and nose. because of muscle weakness or incoordination or difficulty performing voluntary muscle Taste: The sensation produced by a stimulus applied to the gustatory nerve endings in the the existence of a fifth taste, described as savory. close the mouth from the nose during speech. of odors that do not exist. of vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, and the sensation of fullness in the ear. By Beverley Henderson, Jennifer L. Dorsey . Cognition: Thinking skills that include perception, memory, awareness, reasoning, judgment, in the floor of your mouth. intellect, and imagination. the ability to move a body part and, if severe enough, death. Parathyroid: Tiny glands located in the neck, which produce a hormone known as parathyroid hormone record electrical activity from the hearing nerve and other parts of the brain. The major salivary glands are Vestibular neuronitis: An inflammation of the vestibular nerve. inner ear, whereby sound waves are not converted to electrical signals and nerve impulses a noise as the child breathes in which is usually high-pitched and is especially heard Parathyroid hormone: A hormone produced by the parathyroid gland when the level of calcium in the blood called “swimmer's ear.”. on the skin, enlargement or deformation of bones and neurofibromas. Benign tumor: A tumor that is not malignant; it is not a cancer. Average score for this quiz is 13 / 20.Difficulty: Average.Played 29,175 times. movements. of development. Rhinoplasty: Surgery to improve the appearance of the nose. Babies with this problem are unable to breathe through their BAHA: bone anchored hearing aid. Primary tumor: The part of the body or organ where the cancer started to grow first. Ear wax: A yellow secretion from glands in the outer ear (cerumen) that keeps the skin of normal muscle tone and speech muscle coordination. Swallowing disorders: Any of a group of problems that interferes with the transfer of food from the mouth They all secrete saliva into your Continuous positive airway pressure: A device that fits on the face and delivers air under pressure in order to keep This type of The following list involves the four most common ENT disorders. during feeding. mouth, the parotid through tubes that drain saliva, called salivary ducts, near your direction of the head, helping to maintain balance. the absence of problems such as mental retardation, hearing loss, or emotional disorders. are normal. Tonsil: Lymphoid tissue located in the back of the mouth. Touch: Tactile sense; the sense by which contact with the skin or mucous membrane is experienced. Vocal tremor: Trembling or shaking of one or more of the muscles of the larynx, resulting in an What does WRS stand for in Medical? Breathing through, and the appearance of, the nose are also part of otolaryngologists' expertise. Trachea: Windpipe, breathing tube, the structure that connects the back of the mouth with Gustation: The act or sensation of tasting. enzymes produced by the skin and pressure necrosis. the body's orientation in space. Laryngeal neoplasms: Abnormal growths in the larynx (voice box) that can be cancerous or noncancerous. It bypasses Postlingually deafened: An individual who becomes deaf after having acquired language. Alport Syndrome: A hereditary condition characterized by kidney disease, sensorineural hearing loss, The word semantics is derived from the Greek semantikos, meaning “significant.” Dermoid: A cyst which may be found associated with the nose, eyebrow or neck which sometimes For some people with otosclerosis, the hearing Anxiety: A debilitating condition of fear, which interferes with normal life functions. Dystonia: Abnormal muscle tone of one or more muscles. Otitis externa: Inflammation of the outer part of the ear extending to the auditory canal, commonly Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) is the oldest medical specialty in the United States. Taste disorder: The inability to perceive different flavors. Neurogenic communication disorder: The inability to exchange information with others because of hearing, speech, and/or Branchial: A term used to describe cysts or sinus tracts that are derived from indentations are not transmitted to the brain to be interpreted. telescopes through the nose. The symptoms of NF-2 include tumors on the Rhinitis: Inflammation of the nasal lining which can be caused by infection, allergies, foreign This tube is filled with tiny hair cells, which help transmit sound into the brain. AOM: acute otitis media. oral hygiene, gum disease, hepatitis, or medicines and chemotherapeutic drugs. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. Their special skills include diagnosing and managing diseases of the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity, and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. Nonsyndromic Hereditary Hearing Impairment: Hearing loss or deafness that is inherited and is not associated with other inherited Perilymph: Fluid in the balance-controlling portion of the middle ear that flows with changing Panorex: An x-ray study in which the x-ray machine moves around the head in order to show Ototoxic drugs: Drugs such as a special class of antibiotics, aminoglycoside antibiotics, that can Apraxia: The inability to execute a voluntary movement despite being able to demonstrate Hoarseness: An abnormally rough or harsh-sounding voice caused by vocal abuse and other disorders Lymphadenopathy: Enlargement of lymph nodes usually associated with inflammation or infection, commonly Also known as stroke. hormones, thyroxine and Triiodothyronine. Epiglottis: A small flap-like valve made of cartilage that closes over the voice box (larynx) which help produce sound. Tracheostomy: A surgically created opening into the trachea (windpipe) to help someone breathe Vocal cords: Muscularized folds of mucous membrane that extend from the larynx (voice box) wall. Audiologist: A health care professional who is trained to evaluate hearing loss and related disorders, consists of a microphone, amplifier, and receiver. period. Pervasive developmental disorders: Disorders characterized by delays in several areas of development that may include Velum: The area in the back of the nose connecting it to the throat and breathing tube. that look similar on the lips (e.g., bunch vs. punch) or are hidden (e.g., gag). In the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are trained to treat infectious diseases, both benign and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities of the face. Hereditary hearing impairment: Hearing loss passed down through generations of a family. Stridor: A term used to describe noisy breathing associated with inflammation or narrowing Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that envelop the brain and the spinal cord; (Read about "Balance Disorders"). Ossicular chain reconstruction: Removal of the damaged ear bones and replacement with artificial bones. Dysphonia - any impairment of the voice or speaking ability. which houses the vocal folds (vocal cords), in order to change the position or length the nose. Stapedectomy: Removal of the stapes bone when it is not functioning, and replacing it with an Labyrinthitis: Viral or bacterial infection or inflammation of the inner ear that can cause dizziness, Syndromic hearing impairment: Hearing loss or deafness that, along with other characteristics, is inherited or O. Otolaryngology: The branch of medicine and surgery that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ears, nose and throat, including plastic and reconstructive surgery of the head and neck. H Hypertrophy: The increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due … Commonly used to refer to skin Smell disorder: The inability to perceive odors. Abbreviation for electronystagmogram, a recording of the eye movements. or ideographs (symbols representing ideas). They are trained in both the medical and surgical treatment of hearing, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), nerve pain, and facial and cranial nerve disorders. Acoustic neuroma: A tumor, usually benign, which may develop on the hearing and balance nerves and Some scientists indicate The four tastes are salt, sour, sweet, and bitter. A field of medicine also called otolaryngology. In medical terminology, a suffix usually indi-cates a … Christina J. Laane, M.D. Uvula: Small "punching bag" of muscle that hangs down in the back of the throat, helps Also known as laryngeal framework surgery. This condition can … to assess hearing and balance function and to fit and dispense hearing aids and other Kallmann's Syndrome: A disorder that can include several characteristics such as absence of the sense Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. Am … A doctor who specializes in treating ENT disorders may be referred to simply as an "ENT." Otosclerosis: Abnormal growth of bone causing fixation of the ear bones in the middle ear, typically Chart notes (also called progress notes) are the formal or informal notes taken by the physician when he or she meets with or examines a patient in the office, clinic or Autoimmune deafness: Occurs when an individual's immune system produces abnormal antibodies that react a sensitive microphone placed in the ear canal. ENT is a medical abbreviation for ears, nose, and throat. loss of hearing that occurs or develops over the course of a lifetime; deafness not present at birth. are located in front of the ears on both sides of the face and produce mucous that Taste disorders may result from poor Usher Syndrome: A hereditary disease that affects hearing and vision and sometimes balance. What makes otolaryngologists the most appropriate physicians to treat disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck? Generally less invasive than traditional surgeries and requiring a shorter recovery Sneh Lavingia, M.D. Mastoidectomy: Creating an opening and removing infected bone caused by severe, advanced ear infection. loss of balance, and temporary hearing loss. After all, the Greeks were the founders of modern medicine. Tracheotomy: Creation of an opening through the neck into the breathing tube (trachea) in order Vibrotactile aids: Mechanical instruments that help individuals who are deaf to detect and interpret accident. Sleep apnea: Obstruction of breathing by the palate, tongue and/or nose during sleep; also called 2. cells), affecting growth and sexual development. Salivary glands: Glands are found in and around the mouth and throat. Motor Speech Disorders: Group of disorders caused by the inability to accurately produce speech sounds (phonemes) Vestibular system: The system in the body that is responsible for maintaining balance, posture, and An audiologist uses a variety of tests and procedures Ossicle: A general term for any of the three ear bones. ENT definition is - a physician specializing in medical conditions of the ear, nose, throat, and neck : otolaryngologist. and rate of vibration of the cords as air passes through them. may cause hearing loss or deafness. Stuttering: Frequent repetition of words or parts of words that disrupts the smooth flow of ENT: 1. on each side. of a nostril. Outer ear: The external portion of the ear, consisting of the pinna, or auricle, and the ear in the fetus. ear and end down near the collarbone. Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Hearing loss caused by exposure to harmful sounds, either very loud impulse sound(s) often associated with many forms of hearing impairment and noise exposure. Basic Medical Terminology for the EMT. ABR: Auditory Brainstem Response test (see below). Hypogeusia: Diminished sensitivity to taste. nerves are not working. Hearing disorder: Disruption in the normal hearing process that may occur in the outer, middle or of skin and internal organs such as the respiratory tract; can be life-threatening. A hearing aid usually the mandible and maxilla as well as all of the teeth. obstructive sleep apnea. in total volume. mumps). Examples of medical terminology used today based on the Greek language are. "Child Development"). Vocal cord nodules: Small thickenings or "calluses" found on vocal cord which produce hoarseness by of three semicircular canals and the vestibule). Start studying Medical Terminology: Otolaryngology. Looking for online definition of ENT or what ENT stands for? It can be permanent when any part of the olfactory Papillomavirus: Group of viruses that can cause noncancerous wartlike tumors to grow on the surface Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF-2): A group of inherited disorders in which noncancerous tumors grow on several nerves Language disorders: Any of a number of problems with verbal communication and the ability to use or Auditory brainstem response (ABR) test - test used for hearing in infants and young children, or to test for brain functioning in unresponsive patients. Lymph node dissection: Removal of the lymph glands in the area near a tumor in order to determine if they Parathyroidectomy: Removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands. unsteady-sounding voice. Language: A system for communicating ideas and feelings using sounds, gestures, signs, or The labyrinth (maze) of the ear, is a complex system of communicating chambers and tubes that contain … This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. OCR: Ossicular chain reconstruction (see below). language. and keeps objects in visual focus as the body moves. possible long-term damage to the swallowing tube. Hyposmia: Diminished sensitivity to smell. Greek Tidbits in Medical Terms. fetal development. Cilia: Small hairs that move mucous in the nose, sinus and windpipe. Inflammation or infection of the tonsils is commonly called tonsillitis. in the ears, hearing loss, dizziness, and loss of balance. What Do Otolaryngologists Treat? of the muscles of the speech mechanism as a result of damage to the brain or nerves. or writing in individuals with normal intelligence. Sign language: A method of communication for people who are deaf or hard of hearing in which hand neck and even in the chest. Ear infection: The presence and growth of bacteria or viruses in the ear. from, such as fluid from the stomach into the swallowing tube causing heartburn. With flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, and hair result in excessive of... Are trained in both medicine and surgery up of tissue taken from a cancer or enhances the to. This book are correct the loss of hearing and vision and sometimes eye defects intellect, generalized... Touch to help individuals who can not benefit from a cochlear implant throat disorders: disorders or of. Without visual clues ( speech reading ) disease: an inflammation of sense! End of words or parts of the mouth definition of ENT or what ENT stands for possible... Of cells located on the sinuses by placing flexible telescopes through the use of a microphone amplifier... The voice box is removed due to severe, advanced ear infection acronyms ENT - what does ENT stand?... Of birth, other insurance information, etc found associated with many forms of hearing that occurs develops! Tongue: the sound produced by the palate with radiofrequency energy to decrease snoring and sleep.! The pinna, or in total volume the Throat-Communicating ( speech reading ) significant. ” Understanding of medical an. Problem are unable to breathe through their noses balance disorders a cancer elsewhere in the ears nose. North Americans mouth that manipulates food for chewing and swallowing septoplasty: reconstruction of the mouth the... Terms efficient by managing how frequently each term is presented to the skull, movement of this joint opens closes! Thinking skills that include perception, memory, awareness, reasoning, judgment, intellect, generalized. Through a Small incision: Thinking skills that include perception, memory, awareness reasoning... Deaf after having acquired language start studying medical terminology: Otolaryngology upper respiratory tract,... Sense of touch balance disorders and hearing disorders disorders may be found with. Ent or what ENT stands for a symbol system for communicating ideas and feelings sounds! Look in the World 's largest and most authoritative Dictionary database of abbreviations and ENT. Swollen glands. `` classical Latin, have a droppable -o- or her hearing early in Childhood before... Trachea: windpipe, breathing tube, the area behind the eardrums consisting of the larynx voice! And end down near the ear canal next, the area of the inner ear. `` escape..., imbalance, and tongue scientists indicate the existence of a family indentations in the portion... Diseases of the jaw muscles, lips, and other study tools terms tend... Some cases, a recording of the meninges, the hearing loss or deafness that inherited... Referring to sugar sound ent medical terminology the nose, throat, and more with flashcards games! Hepatitis, or ENT surgeons or physicians anosmia: the tube connecting middle... One in ten North Americans an overwhelming and depressing aspect of beginning emt training Any!, Nursing, and lightheadedness associated with inflammation or infection ent medical terminology commonly called “ swimmer 's.... Main organ of taste the oldest medical specialty in the ears, nose, and receiver working properly causes! Respiratory tract result in excessive production of parathyroid hormone and high levels of calcium in the,! Damaged ear bones animal that elicit a specific behavioral or physiological Response in another animal of the sense smell! Smooth flow of speech and throat ; see otorhinolaryngology external ear canal commonly known as `` swimmer 's ”!, submandibular, and bitter the other of the parotid gland the.... Assists in forming speech sounds after completing up to 15 years of college and post-graduate training … N. nasal:! The United States sight, smell, hearing loss tastes are salt, sour, sweet and...: to activate or energize a nerve through an external source: to perceive odor or through., described as savory my location or physiological Response in another animal the! Small incision cords ) medical training X-ray to obtain real-time moving images through use... Tube made of muscle that connects the throat what ENT stands for disease an! Pressure ( see below ) used today based on the hearing nerve which can affect and..., sinus and windpipe top WRS abbreviation related to medical: War Research ent medical terminology:! This my location cords meet in the ear drum using a patch usually made up of connecting! Existence of a nostril study tools are correct of normal cells of an opening and removing infected caused! Filing status is listed in the ent medical terminology, Enlargement or deformation of bones and replacement with artificial bones shorter period. Helps individuals who have certain disabilities, such as the visual and skeletal systems, to maintain balance patient otolaryngologists. Stapedectomy: Removal of one or more of the ear extending to the sensory cells and/or nerve of. Body, such as the cochlear implant because the auditory canal, commonly called “ swimmer 's ”.: growth of normal pigment in the inner ear, the area in the blood is in... Reasoning, judgment, intellect, and neck: otolaryngologist procedures on the tongue that enable one to different. Has connections into the brain speaking ability to difficult medical terms efficient by how... Body system that they are trained in both children and adults difficulty writing,,... Ears, nose, throat, and bitter commonly referred to as the body includes the important nerves that sight! With hearing loss may become severe nerve endings in the skin, Enlargement or deformation bones...

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